Chapter 1 - Section 2 Mesopotamian Civilization Flashcards.
C. Mesopotamian Society. 1. Mesopotamia had a stratified society in which kings and priests controlled much of the wealth. The three classes of Mesopotamian society were: (1) the free landowning class, (2) dependent farmers and artisans, and (3) slaves. Slavery was not a fundamental part of the economy, and most slaves were prisoners of war. 2.
The civilizations of ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt have many similarities but are very much different. This essay will point out the differences and similarities of how each of these civilizations was governed, how the geography affected the people of these civilizations, the outlook these people had, and the relationship these peoples had to the law.
Mesopotamia is the region within the Tigris and Euphrates rivers located south of Anatolia and West of the Iranian plateau. It hosted the earliest large-scale civilizations, who bequeathed the earliest forms of organized government, religion, warfare, and literature.
Essay Chapter 1. Chapter 1: Mesopotamia 1. In the Neolithic era, about 8000 B.C., a new civilization and culture developed. The reason for this development was the change to hunting and gathering to cultivation of agriculture that permitted man to settle down permanently ending nomadic existence.
Iron metallurgy came to Mesopotamia from the Hitters 15. The first people to use wheeled vehicles were the Sumerians 16. In Mesopotamia, prisoners of war, convicted criminals, and heavily indebted individuals were the here main sources for slaves 17.
Section 1 Empires in Mesopotamia The wealth of Mesopotamian civilization was irresistible to non-sedentary peoples living in the hills and deserts. By about 2300 b.c., many of these peoples had begun to attack civilizations in order to gain the benefits of civilization for themselves.
One of the best tributes to the ancient world are the great pyramids of Egypt. Over 10,000 men worked on these projects and built them without modern building machinery. Without the help of modern civilization, these monuments would not exist today! A civilization is a highly organized social ladder.