Psychology Revision: Schaffer and Emerson (1964).
In his essay “Nature,” Ralph Waldo Emerson exhibits an untraditional appreciation for the world around him. Concerned initially with the stars and the world around us, the grandeur of nature, Emerson then turns his attention onto how we perceive objects.
Schaffer and Emerson, in their Glasgow Babies study found that infants typically form their primary attachment, invariably with mum, at about seven months of age. Secondary attachments with other key figures, including dad, begin to form within the months that follow. By 19 months, 75% of children have formed an attachment with dad. However, there are methodological issues in determining.
Shaffer and Emerson idetified in their longitudinal study, 4 developmental stages of attachment, each with their own identifying behaviours and anxietes. Stage 1, the asocial stage takes place within the first few weeks of the childs life. It is defined as asocial as the behaviour they expresss to humans and noninanimate objects is very similar however towards the end of this stage infants do.
Evaluation. A longitudinal Study based on 60 newborns in a working-class area of Glasgow. Studied every month for a year then at 18 months.Measure by Separation protest and Stanger anxiety.Attachments are made by how responsive people are to the child rather than the time spent with them. Multiple attachments are normal and are of similar.
Evaluation of Bowlby’s Theory. Evidence to contradict: Evidence from. Schaffer and Emerson (1964) which found that by 18 months old only 13% of the babies were attached to one person and many of the infants had as many as five attachment figures contradicts the idea of. monotropy.
Describe and evaluate Schaffer and Emerson’s research study into the formation of early attachments; Describe and evaluate Schaffer’s stages of attachment; Animal studies of attachment. Describe and evaluate Lorenz’s research into imprinting; Describe and evaluate Harlow’s research into contact comfort; Explanations of attachment. Describe and evaluate the learning theory explanation.
Study 1) Attachment upto Schaffer and Emerson's stage theory of attachment flashcards from Brittany Stephens's Sutton Coldfield Grammar school for girls class online, or in Brainscape's iPhone or Android app. Learn faster with spaced repetition.